【博優代寫範文】美國南加州大學論文代寫:研究工具的發展

如附錄B所示,測量儀器使用在本研究分為三個部分。部分由項目,代表兩種取向的精益生產,即將精益生產和面向精益生產結構。將精益生產構造是由四個變數即供應商集中(3項),客戶集中(3項),員工關注(3項)和持續改進(3項)。同時面向精益生產建設也由四個變數即技術(3項)、流系統(3項),只是在時間(3項)和質量在源頭(3項)。

B部分的問卷包括性能的測量覆蓋操作性能和業務性能。操作性能構造是由三個變數即質量性能(3項),交付性能(3項)和運營效率(3項)。同時也業務性能構造是由三個變數即銷售利潤率(單項),盈利能力(單項)和投資回報率(單項)。測量所有項目A和B部分中通過使用李克特7點的規模來獲取協議或分歧的受訪者,1代表非常不同意,7表示強烈同意聲明。

美國南加州大學論文代寫:研究工具的發展

As shown in Appendix B, the measurement instrument utilized in this study was divided into three parts. Part A consists of items that represent both orientations of lean production, namely socially-oriented lean production and technically-oriented lean production constructs. Socially-oriented lean production construct was represented by four variables namely supplier focus (3 items), customer focus (3 items), employee focus (3 items) and continuous improvement (3 items). Meanwhile technically-oriented lean production construct was also represented by four variables namely technology (3 items), flow system (3 items), just-in time (3 items) and quality at source (3 items).

Part B of the questionnaire consisted of the measurement of performance which covered both operational performance and business performance. Operational performance construct was represented by three variables namely quality performance (3 items), delivery performance (3 items), and operational efficiency (3 items). Meanwhile business performance construct was represented by also three variables namely return on sales (single item), profitability (single item) and return on investment (single item). All items in Part A and B were measured by using 7 point Likert’s-scale to capture agreement or disagreement of the respondents where 1 represent strongly disagree and 7 indicate strongly agree with the statement.

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