美国留学前的准备工作

原文:Many prospective international students have been admitted into schools they want to attend and feel extremely excited at the moment. That is exactly how I felt when I got into my university.
While right now you're likely sharing your achievement and excitement with your family, the period until your flight to the U.S. will pass in the blink of an eye. Time goes by really fast the summer before you start college, and I am sure that you want to be prepared when you enter the U.S. Here are five ways new international freshmen can prepare before the fall semester starts to start college in the U.S.
译文:对于许多准留学生来说,当知道自己可以进入心仪的大学继续深造时,抑制不住的激动是正常的,当时我被我的学校录取时也是兴奋不能自抑。
那一段时间里,你尽情与你的家人分享着成功的喜悦,直到眨眼间你就要飞往美国开始你的留学新生活了。大学前的那个暑假过得飞快,当然,进入美国大学开始学习前,你一定希望自己做好了万全准备。现在我与大家分享一下,金秋开学前,留学新生要做好的5个准备。
原文: Practice writing skills: Although many international students are able to get a decent score on theTOEFL exam and the SAT writing section, that does not necessary mean that their writing skills measure up to those of domestic students.
译文:多多练习你的写作技能:即便许多留学生能够在TOEFL和SAT考试的写作部分拿到不错的分数,这也不意味着你的写作能力就能达到美国当地学生的水平了。
原文:Many international students were taught and use so-called "patterned writing" during tests. Students simply memorize the pattern of a perfect essay and some advanced vocabulary, and then produce a similar essay during the exam.
In college, students probably won't succeed in writing using that method. Therefore, it is very important to practice writing before coming to the U.S. You will realize how beneficial this tip is when you enter college, since you will write almost every day, no matter which major you choose: for email, Facebook, texting, term papers and more.
Another reason is that universities typically have a writing placement test for ESL students at the beginning of the first quarter or semester to determine which level of writing class they should be taking. If you are well prepared, you could be placed in a more advanced class, which can allow you to focus more on courses related to your major.
译文:许多留学生在考试时都是被训练用“模版写作”,记住满分文章的模板与一些高级词汇不难,之后凭这些,考试的时候就能写出相似的文章了。而在大学里,学生用这种方法来写作恐怕行不通,所以来美国之前,多多练习写作,提高你的写作技能非常重要。一旦你进入大学你会发现这条建议有多管用,因为,在这里,你每天都要写作,不论你学的是什么专业,包括email,Facebook,考试和其他都得用到。
另外,一般在第一个学期,学校都会有针对以英语为第二语言的学生的一个写作排位测试,这个测试就决定了你会别分到哪个层次的写作班。如果你准备得够好,那么你被分到的可能是层次比较高的班级,这样你就有更多的时间和精力关注自己的专业课程了。
原文:Get an international credit or debit card in your home country: Many banks in your home country likely offer a special kind of credit or debit card targeted at international students. Often, these cards waive transaction fees from foreign countries.
This can help international students receive funding from family without any additional charges. I also prefer not to carry a large amount of cash on a flight, and having an international card can solve that problem.
译文:在你的国家办好国际信用卡或银行卡:你的国家的许多银行都会针对出国留学的学生提供特殊的信用卡或银行卡。一般这些卡都可以从国外免除手续费。
这样可以帮助留学生接受家里的转账而不用支付额外的费用。我建议不要带过多的现金上飞机,办张国际银行卡就能解决这个问题了。
原文:Watch online lectures in English: If you want to get a taste of how U.S. college professors teach, the best way is to watch some online courses. That allows students to practice listening as well as to get familiar with the lecture pace.
You can also take notes while watching online courses and try to repeat the content of the entire lecture based on your notes. I found this a great way to prepare for real lectures.
译文:多看看一些在线的英语讲座:如果你想知道美国教授的课堂是什么样的,最好的方法就是去网上搜些视频看看,这样既能锻炼听力也能了解熟悉一下美国的课堂。
在看的时候你也可以做些笔记,然后可以试着根据自己的笔记重述整个讲座的内容。我发现这个方法可以有效帮助为真实的讲座做好准备。
原文:Arrive several days early: Arriving a few days earlier can help students get used to the local weather. It is very important to make necessary adjustments before school starts. When I first arrived in California, I was not able to handle the strong sunshine and the dry air. The next day, I bought a humidifier and some lotion. I felt much better after that.
Another reason to arrive several days early is that there are some preparations international students must make before school starts. First, students need to choose a mobile phone carrier and then a service plan. It took me almost a whole day to figure out what plan I needed and what kind of service to get.
Also, you need to find transportation to get to class. Finally, you want to make sure that you are familiar with campus, so that you will not get lost on the first day.
译文:提早几天到学校:提早几天去学校可以让你了解当地的天气情况。在开学前适应新的生活很重要。我第一次到加利福尼亚的时候,几乎不能忍受强烈的日光和干燥的空气。第二天我买了加湿器和乳液情况才变好一点点。
另一个要提早去的原因就是在开学之前留学生们有些事情是需要准备的。首先,你要找一个移动营业厅和一个服务计划,当时我弄好这个东西几乎花了我一天的时间。
另外,你得摸清楚上课的交通路线,你也要确保自己对校园比较熟悉才不至于在第一天的时候迷路。
原文:Learn to smile from the bottom of your heart: I found this extremely helpful when I first came to the U.S. As a nonnative speaker, it is hard to avoid nervousness when first communicating in a predominantly English environment. Smiles can convey positive energy, and the power of a smile is greater than language itself.
译文:学会发自内心地微笑:我发现在我第一次来到美国的时候这个真的帮了我不少。因为英语不是母语,而在一个纯英文的环境里面第一次用英语交流不可避免的会有点紧张。而微笑可以传递正能量,相信我微笑地力量大于语言本身。

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