MBA论文代写:佛教文化起源

MBA论文代写:佛教文化起源

经过6年的艰难生活佛甚至意识到这不会导致他启示,最后他决定走中间道路。然后他转向比哈尔邦命名为的菩提伽耶的一个村庄,在那里,他可以得到他在寻找什么,生命的真正理解。在他的启蒙他拥有的权力看过去,死亡和最终消除他的欲望和无知。佛陀开始宣扬他的教学和他的经验实现的禁欲主义者成为他们的第一个门徒。他跟着传播他的教导和知识为45年印度人民,当他获得了大量的追随者。他最终死于80岁(托马斯,1949)。

佛陀宣扬基本上四圣谛:1)真理的痛苦,2)真理造成的痛苦3)结束痛苦和4)真理的方式结束痛苦。他还宣扬佛教的3租户:佛法,因果报应和轮回塔克(1997)。佛陀的教义认为是佛法。也认为积极的行为导致好运和消极行为导致坏业力。进一步的负面行为将迫使一个重生在较低的形式和良好的行为将导致在更高形式的重生。这种周期被称为转世(狱吏,2000)。

让我们首先了解什么是世界观。世界观基本上是视为一套信仰、理念和价值观,任何个人拥有有助于理解什么是神,地球和与他们两人的关系。存在六个世界观:基督教的世界观,伊斯兰的世界观,世俗人文主义的世界观,马克思主义世界观,宇宙人文主义世界观和后现代世界观。这里的问题是佛教的世界观所属。在我看来佛教属于宇宙的人文主义世界观。漫画人文主义世界观包含两个互相关联的精神运动:新时代运动和Neo -异教信仰。新时代运动包括一个混合了古老的东方宗教佛教和其他宗教传统。新时代的信仰任何决定是正确的什么是正确的,直到不狭隘的人。这个世界观是基于相信真理存在于每个个体也在宣扬佛教。这种世界观是概括为新时代思想专注于创造一个更好的社会,人们将生活在和平与和谐。这是相同的说教,是佛教。因此,我们可以得出这样的结论:佛教属于宇宙的人文主义世界观。

佛教也不得不面对许多批评世界各地像其他宗教。例如,弗里德里希·尼采是其中的一个批评宗教为恐怖分子提供庇护称为虚无主义。虚无主义可以被定义为一种生活,没有客观的意义。也指责一些佛教的重大影响导致西藏仍然是作为一个欠发达的经济体(Kieschnick,2003)。佛教也被认为具有改善的人产生积极的影响。佛教,给人们给尊重其他生物,它宣扬的真实性,同情、宽容与和平,帮助人们成为成功的在生活中。许多和平运动在60年代和70年代是受佛教的影响。

MBA论文代写:佛教文化起源

After 6 years of very tough life Buddha realized that even this would not lead him to enlightenment and finally he decided to follow a middle path. He then shifted to a village in Bihar named as Bodh Gaya where he was able to get what he was looking for, the true understanding of life. During his enlightenment he possessed the power to see the past, the death and finally the elimination of his desires and ignorance. Buddha started to preach his teaching and experience of his realization to a group of ascetics who became their first disciples. He followed to spread his teachings and knowledge to the people of India for 45 years, when he gained a huge number of followers. He finally died at the age of 80(Thomas, 1949).

Buddha preached basically 4 Noble truths: 1) Truth of suffering, 2) Truth of Cause of suffering 3) Truth of ending suffering and 4) Truth of the way of ending suffering. He also preached the 3 tenants of Buddhism: Dharma, Karma and Reincarnation (Tucker 1997). The teachings of Buddha are considered as Dharma. Also it was believed that positive deeds lead to good karma and negative deeds lead to bad karma. Further one’s negative deed will force one to take rebirth in lower form and good deeds will lead in rebirth in higher form. This cycle is known as reincarnation (Warder, 2000).

Let us first understand what a worldview is. Worldview is basically considered as a set of beliefs, ideas and values that any individual possess which help to understand what is GOD, Earth and one’s relation with both of them. There exist six Worldviews: Christian Worldview, Islamic Worldview, Secular Humanist Worldview, Marxist Worldview, the Cosmic Humanist Worldview and Postmodern Worldview. The question here is to which Worldview Buddhism belongs. In my opinion Buddhism falls under the Cosmic Humanist Worldview. The Comic Humanist Worldview comprises of two interrelated spiritual movements: New Age Movement and the Neo- Paganism. The new age movement includes a mixture of ancient Eastern religion like Buddhism and other religious traditions. The new age beliefs whatever is decided as right is what is actually right till one does not get narrow minded. This Worldview is based on the belief that truth resides in each individual which is also preached by Buddhism. This worldview is summarized as the New Age thinking which focuses on creating a better society, in which people will live with peace and harmony. This is the same preaching which is given by Buddhism. Hence, we can conclude that Buddhism fall under the Cosmic Humanist Worldview.

Buddhism also had to face a lot of criticism around the world like any other religion. For example, Friedrich Nietzsche was one of them who criticized the religion for giving shelter to what was called as nihilism. Nihilism can be defined as a life which has no objective meaning. Some also blame Buddhism of having the major impact in causing Tibet to remain as an underdeveloped economy (Kieschnick, 2003). Buddhism has also being considered to have positive impact to the betterment of people. The Buddhism has taught people to give respect to other living things; it preaches Truthfulness, Compassion, Tolerance and Peace which have helped people to become successful in life. Many of the peace movements during the 60s and the 70s were influenced by Buddhism.

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