留学申请文书的五要和五不要

留学申请文书的五要和五不要,你为什么想要读大学?你为什么想要进法学院?医学院?大学招生部的人需要一个了解你的机会。
Ten Dos and Don’ts of writing an application essay
1. DO talk about your personal life and your motivations | 要聊到你的个人生活和目标
Why are you trying to get into college? Why are you trying to get into law school? Medical school? Your admissions committee wants to know you, and this is your change to give them a glimpse into your head. Make it count: talk about your influences, your motivations, your quirks, and so on. Make them remember you as a person, not just another applicant.
你为什么想要读大学?你为什么想要进法学院?医学院?大学招生部的人需要一个了解你的机会。多展现你的动力,你的影响力,以及你的幽默感。让他们记住你是谁,而不仅仅是又一个申请者。
2. DO keep the audience in mind | 要替读者考虑
Remember that your admissions council is made up of real people too. They will have to read thousands of these kinds of essay so you could do them (and yourself) a huge favor if you write something you would want to read. At the same time, don’t be too casual!
不要忘记审核你申请资料的也是一群有血有肉的人。在浏览过成千上万篇长得几乎一样的文章后,他们非常希望读到一篇更有兴趣的。写出一篇你自己读着都很享受的文章吧,但是记住用词不要太随便。
3. DO keep the scope narrow | 要把范围缩小
You don’t have time to tell the audience your entire life story and how you got to where you are today. Keep it brief; keep it focused. You want to craft a story of who you are and why you want to do x, y and z, but don’t stray too far from the point.
你没有足够的时间对招生官勾勒出你的整个人生发展史。保持简洁而又专注于一个点就够了。你需要创造出一篇凸显你的个性和特点的文书,但是注意不要跑题。
4. DO have a thesis | 要有一个主题
Along with keeping the scope narrow, you need to have a point. Like all essays, this one needs to have a thesis too. Your thesis should be clear and should be the linking idea that ties all components of your essay together.
范围缩小的同时,你也需要有一个论点。就像所有的作文一样,你的申请文书同样需要一个主题。你的主题应该是清晰的并且能够涉及到你文章中提到的所有部分。
5. DO be humble | 要谦逊
Maybe you were the president of a million clubs. Still, that fact alone won’t help you much except make you seem like a braggart. Reflect on your experiences and humanize your role in them. This will win a lot more points than simply restating how you are awesome (even if you are!)
也许你曾经是很多社团的主席。这些事实不仅不会帮助你,也可能会给招生官留下自吹自擂的印象。反射出你的经历,并把自己的姿态放低。这么做成功的几率将会比试图证明自己有多牛逼更大。
6. DON’T generalize and/or philosophize about the world at large | 不要过多的进行概括/试图对整个世界进行哲学思考
Maybe you are the world’s next Aristotle or Foucault. Still, no one will care about your grand and lofty philosophies if they don’t understand you as a person. Stick to the subject that you are the ultimate expert in: yourself.
也许你将会成为下一个亚里士多德。但是,没有人会关注你那些宏大而又不切实际的思想除非他们真的了解你。把精力都放在展示自己上吧。
7. DON’T over explain | 不要做过多解释
Just like when you’re telling a story and realize you’re rambling, too much information can be a bad thing. Maybe there needs to be a little background information needed for your point, but keep that to a minimum, and certainly don’t go into detail on more than one or two points.
就像在讲述一个故事的时候你会发现自己可能会变得啰嗦,再申请文书中加入过多的信息反而会产生不良影响。也许你需要插入一些背景知识来切入你的主题,但是请把它们的量限制在最低。
8. DON’T make excuses | 不要找借口
Let’s say you got bad grades your first semester. Your essay is not the place to write about it, and especially don’t make excuses. Your reader would rather hear about your successes and how you overcame adversity. If need be, there is always an addendum section where you can talk about certain undesirably qualities of your application.
假如你第一个学期的成绩很差。那么请不要在你的文书中提到,更不要试图找借口。你的读者对于你如何获得成功以及克服挑战更有兴趣。如果必须的话,请把这些信息作为补遗上交。
9. DON’T recapitulate your resume | 不要概括你的简历
There is no need to cover point by point what you already have in your resume. Your essay is a place to create a narrative and let your reader understand what it is about you that stands out from everyone else. Your essay is a place to show your reader that you are not simply the captain of the soccer team who with a 3.65 gpa. They will know that information by looking at your resume.
在申请文书中反复提及你简历中的内容是没有必要的。申请文书应该是一个对招生官叙述你的个人魅力的机会。你需要借此让读者了解到你不仅仅是一个拥有3.65 GPA的足球队长。
10. DON’T make easy grammar or spelling mistakes | 不要犯显而易见的语法错误
One of the most cringe-worthy mistakes an applicant can make is a simple grammar or spelling mistake. That shows to the reader that you were in a rush or simply negligent in applying to x school. Whatever you do, read over your essay out loud and more than once!
最低级的错误莫过于文书中的语法问题。这会给人一种你在临时抱佛脚或是对申请大学的态度不够严肃的印象。不论如何,请在提交前大声地反复地朗读你的作品,确保万无一失。

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