The Grecian philosophy was strongly informed by the rule of the fate or the destiny. Fate was believed to be the master of every human existence. Life was believed to be predestined and that death is a certainty. The heroes of the Homeric world believed in the glory of life that should end in a heroic death. Death in itself was not glorified as a peaceful suffering. Instead, it was viewed as a cruel, dark force that every man must encounter in his time before starting an afterlife journey. The daunting heroes of Iliad like Achilles and Hector had lived a lifetime of glory. However, in the end, the mortal war of Troy claimed their lives. In the course of the narrative, the readers are foretold of Achilles’s death. The hero himself was aware of the same. In book 9 of Iliad, Achilles produces a dramatic speech on the terrible inevitability of death (Head). Nevertheless, he chose the brevity of a mortal life that has been fought and lived in glory. It was viewed as the annihilating, invincible power, which released the souls from the painful bonds of mortality.
In fact, the epic poem of Iliad is conditioned throughout by several death events, until the great heroes fell. In their dying, Achilles and Hector had valiantly embraced their passing as they moved to the shadow world. In this context, it is to be noted that the Greek philosophy believed in a universe which was ruled by the elemental forces, symbolically manifested through several God figures (Head). The Christian concept of heaven and hell was not prominent in the Grecian perspective. The dead must pass through the underworld gate of the Hades to start the afterlife journey. The Grecian perspective of life believed in assimilating the colossal forces of nature in one’s spirit. Consequently, on several locations, it is evident that the heroes pay homage to various nature and war deities to seek blessing and victory. The elemental forces or the cosmos metaphorically embodied the classical worldview. It provides a deep insight into the socio-cultural fabric of the classical times.