12个获得学术认可的论文撰写技巧之注意用字遣词

在海外留学,论文写作总是必不可少的,要写好一篇论文,也总会有一些你所不知道的写作技巧,一起来看看博优为你整理的12个获得学术认可的论文写作技巧吧。

12 Recommendations to Help you Submit a Conventional and Acceptable Paper Tip 5: The essence of writing is careful word choices
12个获得学术认可的论文撰写技巧之五:注意用字遣词

教授学者们通常会规范写作标准,制定如何撰写硕博士论文与学术文章以及格式要求。学术界所评定的标准植基于以何种撰写方式会被认可,何种撰写方式则会被拒绝。本专栏提出「12个获得学术认可的论文撰写技巧」,帮助你写出符合规范与认可标准的文章。
The community of scholars has rules that govern how dissertations, theses and other academic papers are composed and formatted. Academic convention has established what is acceptable and what is not. Following is one of 12 recommendations to help you submit a conventional and acceptable paper.

Tip 5 –The essence of writing is careful word choices
技巧五:注意用字遣词

The pre-writing phase of creating an academic paper now is complete. Having chosen and researched the paper's subject and thesis, determined the proper format, and created the structure or outline of the paper, the author is ready to write. While each part in the process of a paper's creation is essential, how it is written ultimately tells the story of its academic value.
现在,已经完成论文撰写的准备阶段,包括已选定论文主题、做了相关研究、了解适当的写作风格并拟定论文大纲,一切准备就绪后,我们就来着手写论文。虽然论文写作的每个阶段都非常重要,然而,最终论文真正的学术价值,还是取决于你的论文内容。

The elements of good academic writing are obvious—and not so obvious. Consequently, several tips will be devoted to composition. However, the overall standard for academic writing can be summarized in a word: precision. Choosing words precisely accomplishes several good things. That is, careful selection of words gives a paper clarity, vitality, purpose, and substance.
好的学术论文应该具备哪些特质,看似显而易见,却又好像没那么容易掌握。其实,撰写论文需要一点小技巧。一言以蔽之,论文写作的准则就是「精确」。用字遣词力求精确,可让论文读来文意清晰、活力尽现、立意鲜明且真材实料。

Clarity is the Number 1 objective when pen is put to paper, or fingertips to a keyboard. The goal should not be to dazzle the assigning professor, nor to impress him with the author's entire vocabulary. Rather, the author should strive to be clear, to avoid misunderstanding and confusion. Writing that cleanly and sharply defines an idea is sure to be embraced and rewarded.
撰写论文的第一要务是文意务必清晰,不需太过花俏让教授眼花缭乱,也不需将满腹英文字汇全数倾囊而出。论文必须致力于保持文意清晰,避免造成误解或混淆。一篇文章若是可以清晰、鲜明地完整描绘一个观念或是概念,则可堪称佳作。

The vitality of a paper is what impels a reader to read it; what makes a paper vital is carefully chosen words. One characteristic of vitality is liveliness. A word that enlivens a sentence or conveys a thought with power or spirit captures the interest of a reader. Using such words throughout a paper holds the interest and gives the paper enduring appeal. Dull papers lack vigor.
充满活力的论文能激发读者阅读的兴趣,活力的来源就在于遣词用字的谨慎,而最大的特质在于运用富有生命力的词汇。只要这个字词能充份展现叙述的力道与精神,有效传达论文概念,在画龙点睛之间,就足以吸引读者的目光。运用这类的字词贯串论文内容之中,就必定能维系读者阅读的兴趣;而枯燥呆板的文章自然无法展现出这样的活力。

Purpose is at the heart of any academic paper. After all, a paper isn't written as an exercise. It is written to advance an idea, to provoke new thinking, to persuade. Words are the tools for accomplishing this. Remember: Weak words cannot push anything, dull words are not provocative, and mincing words are not convincing. Always use words with purpose and intent.
论文的精髓在于精确表达写作目的,毕竟撰写论文并不是写作练习,你必须提出一个新概念、具有独创的想法,进而说服读者。而达到这些目标的有力工具,就是文字。请谨记,文字没有力量则无法成事,文字沉闷则无激励效果,文字装模作样毫无重点则无说服力。你所使用的任何文字都必须有目标、有意义。

Substance is intellectual weight. An academic paper is substantial if it contains original thoughts. Yet a paper without an original thesis still can possess substance if fresh and forceful language reflects original research. A wisely chosen word, grounded in fact, reverberates with power. In short, having something essential to say is a good start, but saying it forcefully closes the deal.
内容,决定论文的学术地位。一篇论文因原创想法而伟大;缺乏原创想法,若运用清晰有力的字句,呼应与推展原创性的研究,这篇论文仍占有相当的学术份量。历经实证求据、精雕细琢的字词可让论文充满力量。所以,能找到重要的概念是好的开始,而能够有力量、有效果地表达出来,才能真正展现论文的价值,得以誉为学术界的杰出贡献。

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